A golden opportunity to elites return
Rapporteur- Farbod Dehghani: without doubt one of the most serious problems that Iran, in recent years faced is the problem of brain drain to abroad, especially America. It's a phenomenon known as brain drain, and unfortunately, most of our country's brain drain.
Skilled and knowledgeable human source is one of the most important factors in the development of any country.
Of course we should not forget that the new sanctions can be a golden opportunity for our country. Elites for some reason, such as patriotism, racism feelings the hosting country, or homesickness are willing to back to their country, the new law could give them more motivation to return home
In the absence of over 50 billion dollars losses per year caused by brain drain imposed on the country, over 250,000 Iranian experts live in North America (Canada and United States). It is clear that if such numbers of expert’s return what a great affect it can have.
. In parts of sub-Saharan Africa and Central America, sometimes more than half of all university graduates migrate to OECD countries, with potentially serious consequences for critical sectors such as education, health and engineering.
Should OECD countries be taken to task for luring away crucial human resources from developing countries? Are OECD countries' policies incoherent, given that their development assistance is often targeted to train teachers, doctors and engineers in developing countries? Maybe; but the story is more complicated than it first appears. In fact, the effect of emigration of the highly skilled is not always negative, as insufficient infrastructure often discourages people from working in the sectors for which they have been trained: nurses that leave a poor country, for example, are often not working in the health sector when they emigrate.
Developing countries could even benefit from high-skill migration if partnerships between sending and receiving countries encourage a repatriation of skills and knowledge (brain circulation). Diaspora networks play a crucial role, as the example of start-up companies of returned Indian migrants demonstrates. Furthermore, aid targeted at critical occupational sectors may help to retain potential migrants.
Tens of thousands of Iranians have left the country of 77 million in recent years, largely for Europe and North America, in search of jobs and higher salaries. During the past two years, at least 40 percent of top-performing students with undergraduate degrees in science and engineering left the country to pursue advanced degrees, according to Iran’s National Elites Foundation, a government-run organization that supports academically gifted and high-achieving students. “Mostly they want to go to Canada, Australia, Germany, or Sweden,”(1)
Unemployment among Iran’s 15- to 29-year-olds is about 26 percent, twice the national average, though Rouhani has pledged to increase jobs and raise salaries. While there’s no official data, graduates who recently started work in Iran say they earn no more than $500 a month. “No matter how good you are, you’re never going to earn $3,000 a month, a starting salary for Iranians in Canada or the U.S.,” says Mohammad, a postdoctoral student of communications in Ireland.