Astana summit message: end of America’s prestige
Rapporteur- Farbod Dehghani: Without a doubt after the end of World War II, the United States of America became the strongest and most effective actor on the world's events. for years, they choose the Middle East as the center of their global operations.
However, after the victory of Islamic Revolution in Iran and the establishment of popular parties in the region, America has been lost its prestige more than ever.
Peace meeting in Astana, Kazakhstan, with the initiative of Iran, Russia and Turkey showed that the forefront of taboo of America’s broken in the Middle East.
The Astana talks are part of a joint approach announced in Moscow last month by Russia, Turkey and Iran, the three countries with forces on the ground in Syria. While Russia and Iran support Assad’s regime, Turkey -- a key backer of the armed groups opposing the Syrian leader -- helped to negotiate the truce accord signed by seven Islamist groups representing 62,000 fighters and the Damascus government.
Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Hossein Jaberi Ansari, speaking after a preparatory meeting with Turkish and Russian officials on Sunday in Astana, said Iran was “optimistic” about the negotiations even though there are “some difficulties.” Russia’s special envoy to Syria, Alexander Lavrentiev, said “everyone understands the need for a peace settlement.”
The talks, which are expected to last at least two days and lead to a joint statement signed by the Syrian government and opposition, aim to cement the truce and pave the way for political dialogue, Russian officials say.
“That would be a big achievement if it happened,” said Bassma Kodmani, a leader of the High Negotiations Council, the main Syrian opposition bloc. “Turkey and Russia are two decisive players on the ground, but there is one player -- Iran -- with which it’s much more difficult to know if there is any interest in a cessation of hostilities and a political process.”
Further rounds of talks will seek to achieve a final settlement by the end of 2017 that includes a power-sharing government, a new constitution and elections, said Rafael Enikeev, head of the Middle East department at the Russian Institute of Strategic Studies, a Kremlin advisory group.(1)