Terrorism in Europe
Rapporteur_Hessam Karbasian: Attacks can happen almost everywhere. In a holiday market outside of historic church in Berlin, in the streets of France during national celebration, in an airplane over Scotland or the first day of the school in a small town in Russia.
Sometimes the plane crash and no one is injured. But sometimes it attacks and kills large numbers of people can plunge a nation into shock or even a continent.
Although the focus of the most severe kind of terrorism in Europe various forms in the past three centuries, after the September 11 attacks in numerous reports and articles, comments reflect Tngnzranhay of Islam and it is against the democratic values and civic introduced.
Terrorism across Europe has killed 10,537 people in 18,803 reported attacks – excluding those considered military tactics in war zones – between January 1970 and December 2015, according to the University of Maryland’s Global Terrorism Database (GTD).
The database tracks more than 150,000 foreign and domestic terrorism incidents worldwide.
Attacks in 2014 and 2015 have seen the highest number of fatalities, which includes terrorists targeting civilians, government officials, businesses and the media, across Europe since 2004.
The frequency and deadliness of attacks have shifted between Eastern and Western Europe since 2000.
From the 1970s to the ’90s, Western Europe saw a rise in nationalism-inspired terrorist attacks from groups such as the Provisional Irish Republican Army in Northern Ireland and Basque Homeland and Freedom, otherwise known as the ETA, in the Basque Country in northern Spain.
While attacks started to become less frequent after 2000 in Western Europe, they remained deadly.
Meanwhile, in East Europe, attacks became more frequent around the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Terrorist groups formed in the ensuing conflicts throughout the former Soviet republics, with some receiving support from Islamist terrorist groups such as al-Qaeda.
Historical hot spots
Russia, the United Kingdom, Ukraine, Spain and France are among the countries with the highest number of terrorism deaths, according to the database.