Rapporteur_Hessam Karbasian: Computer science and technology in today's society comes first. This importance can be found in all systems of administrative, political, economic, and even the everyday lives of people most of people wake up in the morning with the sound of their mobile phone, or otherwise wake up, First, they check their phone to see what have happened around the world during the time that they were asleep.
It can be concluded that most of the activities and lives of the people involve with cyberspace. Computers in offices and even schools come first. For all services without computer equipment and other things cannot be done quickly and accurately.
Even accounting work and economic activities such as stock, tax, banking and electronic banking, customs, etc. are almost paralyzed without a computer.
Counting in politics at election time, issuance of identity papers and birth certificates, authentication, background and lack of direction also depends on working with integrated technology systems around the world.
All bank account information, private life of people in cyberspace, tax and economic information, and as noted even counting the votes and thus they need to protect cyberspace is very strong.
The task of the programmer's responsibility to maintain the information and cyber security experts. But let's take a closer look at the term cyberspace and cyber-security and Cyber-in.
Cybercrime, or computer crime, is crime that involves a computer and a network.The computer may have been used in the commission of a crime, or it may be the target.Debarati Halder and K. Jaishankar define cybercrimes as: "Offences that are committed against individuals or groups of individuals with a criminal motive to intentionally harm the reputation of the victim or cause physical or mental harm, or loss, to the victim directly or indirectly, using modern telecommunication networks such as Internet (Chat rooms, emails, notice boards and groups) and mobile phones (SMS/MMS)".Such crimes may threaten a nation's security and financial health. Issues surrounding these types of crimes have become high-profile, particularly those surrounding hacking, copyright infringement, child pornography, and child grooming. There are also problems of privacy when confidential information is intercepted or disclosed, lawfully or otherwise. Debarati Halder and K. Jaishankar further define cybercrime from the perspective of gender and defined 'cybercrime against women' as "Crimes targeted against women with a motive to intentionally harm the victim psychologically and physically, using modern telecommunication networks such as internet and mobile phones". Internationally, both governmental and non-state actors engage in cybercrimes, including espionage, financial theft, and other cross-border crimes. Activity crossing international borders and involving the interests of at least one nation state is sometimes referred to as cyber warfare.
A report (sponsored by McAfee) estimates that the annual damage to the global economy is at $445 billion; however, a Microsoft report shows that such survey-based estimates are "hopelessly flawed" and exaggerate the true losses by orders of magnitude. Approximately $1.5 billion was lost in 2012 to online credit and debit card fraud in the US. In 2016, a study by Juniper Research estimated that the costs of cybercrime could be as high as 2.1 trillion by 2019.
Because technology has no set form, there are many different avenues of attack that a victim can fall susceptible to. The types of attacks listed below are just a short sampling of the threats that exist. Though a simple computer virus may hold the record for the most commonplace attack, new attacks are bursting at the seams with creativity, keeping information security professionals on their toes.
Simply defined, malware is any computer code that has a malicious intent. Malware is often used to destroy something on a computer or to steal private information. Odds are, nearly everyone with a computer has fallen victim to some form of malware in their time.