Rapporteur- Farbod Dehghani: as we hear the word of starvation, everyone will imagine poor parts of Africa. Unfortunately, food security has been compromised in many countries of the world. There is No doubt that food security of mankind, has become one of the biggest challenges of the countries.
In 1996, food security was defined as: all people have access to adequate and safe food and it’s one of the fundamental human rights. Food security depends on several factors and if not taken seriously, catastrophic effects will be appearing.
For example, if the government support for manufacturers decrease, subsidies sustain and other factors then milk price will increase. People will drink less milk and as a result, diseases such as osteoporosis and dental illness will costs heavy expends for health system.
. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization reported that there is about 792 million undernourished people in the world, with one or more disease, simply because of lack of vitamins and minerals in food. Some regions of the world for various reasons, have difficulty in achieving food security are increasingly including these regions, West and South West Asian countries such as Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria and Yemen abnormal factors such as war, more than natural factors had impact on food security.
Some 795 million people in the world do not have enough food to lead a healthy active life. That's about one in nine people on earth.
The vast majority of the world's hungry people live in developing countries, where 12.9 percent of the population is undernourished.
Asia is the continent with the most hungry people - two thirds of the total. The percentage in southern Asia has fallen in recent years but in western Asia it has increased slightly.
Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest prevalence (percentage of population) of hunger. One person in four there is undernourished.
Poor nutrition causes nearly half (45%) of deaths in children under five - 3.1 million children each year.
One out of six children -- roughly 100 million -- in developing countries is underweight.
One in four of the world's children are stunted. In developing countries the proportion can rise to one in three.
If women farmers had the same access to resources as men, the number of hungry in the world could be reduced by up to 150 million.
66 million primary school-age children attend classes hungry across the developing world, with 23 million in Africa alone.
WFP calculates that US$3.2 billion is needed per year to reach all 66 million hungry school-age children.(1)
The organization stated in its recent assessment that developing countries should invest in the agricultural sector by 2050 by at least five-fold increase.
FAO's forecast predicts that within 41 years the world's population will be about 7/6 billion now to figure 1/9 billion people.
Some news sources have estimated that more than 02/1 billion people are faced with the phenomenon of malnutrition and predicted that 6/1 per cent of the total population of the world is grappling with hunger.
Statements indicate that the number of population of world who are facing with starvation is over 520 million people in Asia, 205 million in Africa, 53 million in Latin America and the rest of East near North Africa and the small number of developed countries to live .