west and south asia in 2016
Rapporteur- Farbod Dehghani: In the year that passed, we saw a more fragile situation. Middle East continues to remain volatile. War with Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, continued with more intensity. The Syrian army and the forces of resistance retook Aleppo. After this defeat, the terrorists were forced to accept a cease-fire.
In Iraq, the army continued its march to Mosul. The security situation in Iraq, although still far from the ideal situation, but is certainly better than past.
Arab states of the Persian Gulf, last year, faced with a sharp reduction of their assets, due to decrease of oil and war on Yemen.
With Yemenis resistance, the Saudi regime has faced a crisis and disagreements range. On the other hand, many Riyadh allies have been forced to withdraw from the war.
In Bahrain, the Al Khalifa regime, had bashed the protesters who only demanded their basic human rights. In a move contrary to international law, the Bahraini regime, has canceled the citizenship of many protesters.
In Nagorno-Karabakh, the conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia continued. In this conflict, at least 18 Armenian and 12 Azeri soldiers lost their lives.
The mountainous region of Azerbaijan, with about 150 thousand inhabitants in an area of 12 thousand square kilometers is formed. The district authorities consider myself an independent country, but today except for Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Transnistria (who also recognized the problem of) any country to recognize the self-proclaimed Republic Nshnakhthast. The United Nations still considers the area part of the territory of Azerbaijan and in formal and informal conversations in the world when naming the district or its leaders, with the word "autonomy" is expressed.
In the Indian subcontinent, increased repression of Muslims in Kashmir and determination of the amount of water from the Indus River and the arms race, once again raised the tensions between India and Pakistan. However, at the end of this year, the two sides had done some things to soften relations, including, salmon Hindi-makers, who are unauthorized to enter waters, were released by Pakistan. And , Pakistani Prime Minister birthday greetings by his Hindi counterpart.
Afghan peace talks, has been accelerated. Foreign parties to hold separate meetings, in an effort to coordinate more attention. The latest round of peace conference in Moscow, between Pakistan, Russia and China was held.
Although Pakistan has been a key ally for the Taliban during both its rise to power in the 1990s and its re-emergence as an anti-Nato insurgency after 2001, some within the movement resent Pakistani interference in the Taliban’s affairs.
A Taliban official who talked to the Guardian said the group’s current leader, Mullah Haibatullah Akhundzada, had sought to “speed up” talks with Kabul and the US.
He said: “Pakistan and the rest of the neighbours will be gradually brought on board. Pakistan is an important neighbour and no doubt they will want to be involved.”
But a western official who was aware that at least two of the Taliban envoys had travelled to Pakistan said the envoys’ meeting was unlikely to be related to the recent Doha talks.
The official said it was an attempt by Islamabad to wrest back control and escape “immense US pressure and international isolation”.(1)