Destroyed dream: Tunisia Hub of terrorism instead of progress-part 1
Rapporteur-Farbod Dehghani: Tunisia is one of those countries which varies from every second to second. During its history with all sweet and bitter event’s it was always unpredictable for historians and politicians.
After Arab campaign it was dropped to Islamic states but Tunisia never forgot it’s barbaric history, the mixture of desert customs and Islam creates new culture which was potentially in a danger of extremism.
Because of it’s geographic location Tunisia was always considered for human smugglers and terrorist: a land with huge deserts, security problems and shores which are guiding you to south Europe and France. One of the most ideal dream lands for expansion of radicalism.
On the other hand there is another reason too: unstable situation and poverty make young people of this country ready for doing everything for money.
Tunisia sees new government rapidly, in this situation army does what it wants and securities go their own way and every government orders a new strategy so there is no united package to confront with radicalism and terrorist misusing this situation to expand their control on Tunisia and attract Tunisian youths.
Something dark is growing in their country, which was early on the minds of the Tunisian authorities. Already in December 2012 the Tunisian army called the "Operation Chambi" - a militarily anti-Islamist in the country. It continues until today, dozens of jihadists and elite soldiers have been killed.(1)
The military use is named after the Jebel Chambi, a huge mountain massif on the border with Algeria in the west of the country. Islamist groups are entangled in its ravines and operate across the border. With the smuggling of oil and drugs they deserve money, with attacks they advertise for their cause.
Tunisia is at the forefront of a global struggle against jihadi-salafi violence that has intensified since 2011. In the first two years after the revolution that ended decades of authoritarian rule under Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, Tunisian jihadi-salafists saw Tunisia largely as a “land of da`wa,” or spiritual outreach. Rather than confront the state directly, they recruited adherents through social activism and encouraged young Tunisians to join the expanding fight against the Bashar al-Assad regime in Syria, which rallied would-be jihadi-salafi fighters and revolutionaries from around the world. Yet, Tunisia could not isolate itself from the gathering violence in the region. By 2013, a slew of attacks against military forces along the country’s western border and two high-profile political assassinations in the capital thrust Tunisia into a new phase of escalating and expanding confrontation. In the words of jihadi-salafists, Tunisia had become a “land of jihad.”
An estimated 6,000–7,000 young Tunisians have left home to fight in Syria and Iraq as well as in Libya with al Qaeda-linked groups and the Islamic State group (ISG) since 2011. Tunisians are one of the largest groups of foreign nationals among the estimated 40,000 or more foreign fighters who have joined jihadi groups in Syria and Iraq alone and the several thousand more who are believed to have enlisted in Libya.(2)