Paris commemorates terrorist attacks anniversary in dignified silence
According to Rapportuer Report From , ِDPA , Link , French President Francois Hollande unveiled memorial plaques bearing the names of the victims at the various sites the terrorists struck. After each unveiling, the names were read out, a wreath was laid and a period of silence observed.
Hollande did not give any speeches, in agreement with the associations that represent the victims' families, who had requested a more dignified commemoration.
The plaque at the Stade de France national stadium in the northern Parisian suburb of Saint-Denis where three suicide attackers blew themselves up on November 13, 2015, shows the name of a passerby who was killed in one of the explosions.
The victim's son called on people not to give in to fear. In face of fear, everyone "must go forward in total freedom ... in consciousness of the risks, without ever giving in to those who wish to terrorize us," he said on Sunday.
Many Parisians visited the sites of the attacks and silently laid flowers or lit candles to mark the anniversary.
Outside the Bataclan music hall - where 90 of the victims died during a concert by US rock band Eagles of Death Metal and which British singer Sting reopened Saturday evening with a concert in honour of the victims - one survivor named Thierry told journalists how difficult it was to take part in the commemoration.
"My name could have been on this plaque," Thierry said.
Hollande was accompanied by Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo and several members of his government.
In addition to the Stade de France and the Bataclan, the other sites include the restaurants and bars Carillon, Petit Cambodge, Bonne Biere, Comptoir Voltaire, Belle Equipe.
On the night of November 13, 2015, affiliated groups of men wielding guns and wearing explosives conducted a three-pronged assault in Paris - at the stadium, cafes and the music hall. The Islamic State militant group claimed responsibility for the attacks.
Many of the attackers were killed on the same night, with three of them shot by police after taking hostages in the Bataclan music hall. The suspected ringleader Abdelhamid Abaaoud was killed with another suspected attacker in a police operation in Saint-Denis on November 18.
France upped its offensive against Islamic State following the attacks, and the country has been split by tensions over questions of cultural identity and integration. Most of the attackers were French nationals who had become indoctrinated by radical Islamism.