Sabotage of U.S on the path of Iran’s commercial rights
Rapporteur- Farbod- Dehghani: The WTO with 164 members is the largest source of trade and commerce between the countries of the world.
The organization is facilitating trade between the countries by rules and judge disputes between the countries.
Our country has long been seeking to join the organization due to the importance of the organization and development of its business market, by sabotage of some countries, especially America, has failed to fulfill his demands.
More than 19 years have passed since WTO received Iran’s application for accession on July 19, 1996. It took the organization nine years to accept Iran as an observer member. In 2005, WTO eventually established a working party composed of a group of representatives tasked to assess Iran’s accession bid. However, the chairman of the party has not yet been elected.
Iran submitted a memorandum on its foreign trade regime in 2009; and in 2011, the country took another step closer to obtaining the organization’s membership by replying to a set of questions posed by WTO members based on the information provided in the memorandum. The next step will be for Iran to hold meetings with the working party. Those meetings await a final decision by Iranian authorities who also need to take a long series of actions to overcome tough challenges in the way of joining WTO.
According to many experts, unprecedented joint efforts by Iran and the US leading up to the July 14 deal, which ended a lengthy dispute over Iran’s nuclear program, could be considered a thaw in decades of ice-cold relations between Tehran and Washington; which in turn opens up a window of opportunity for the government to realize its ambition to join the WTO.
Esfandiar Omidbakhsh, head of Iranian Scientific Commerce Association, says resolving political issues between Iran and the United States is a prerequisite to resuming Iran’s accession talks, pointing out that even Iran’s accession as an observer member in 2005 happened as a result of an international political interaction amid negotiations over Iran’s nuclear program.
“At that point, Iran’s request had been rejected 22 times by the US. Eventually our request passed through Jacques Chirac, former French president, to the then president of the United States George W. Bush. The move was effective in changing the Unites States’ stance.”
This is while Mehdi Karbasian, head of Iran Customs Administration, believes that the United States’ role in Iran’s accession process should not be overestimated as WTO membership “is not a political process.” He argues that if the organization was so much influenced by Washington, many member countries would not have been able to gain membership.(1)