Middle Eastern student’s deprivation of proper educational facilities
Rapporteur- Farbod Dehghani: Having proper educational facilities is one of the basic rights of every student. Despite pretty good nominal growth in the Middle East, especially in our university system, unfortunately, we don’t see a significant quality improvement in the provision of educational services to students.
Many universities in our country only attract more students, with very limited and low quality of education, not only the students' rights violated, but the country's rights too.
Each year by joining a large number of students, who only holds a college education with no practical and scientific skills, unemployment crisis in the country is increasing and certainly the poor quality of the educational system has a significant role in this situation.
Unfortunately, not only in Iran, the Middle East, the weakness of the higher education system is evident, so that despite higher average number of universities in the Middle East to the global average, no university of the region, among the top 200 universities worldwide does not have.
One of the salient features of unemployment in these countries is that it is higher among the more educated: over 30 percent of those with tertiary education were unemployed in Egypt, Tunisia and Jordan in 2011 and 2012. Among the most educated women, unemployment rates exceed 60 percent in Jordan and 40 percent in Egypt (Chart 2).
One reason is that many educated young people are willing to wait for jobs in the public sector to open up. Public sector jobs are attractive since they offer high salaries, job security, and good benefits. A Gallup survey in 2011 showed that more than half of the unemployed young people in Egypt, Tunisia and Jordan were seeking a government jobs; only 10 percent were looking for a private sector job. Public sector employment constitutes a large share of total formal employment. More than 70 percent of non-agricultural employment in Egypt and Libya and 40 percent in Yemen, Jordan and Iran in the 2000s were in the public sector. (1)